Democracy Now! June 19, 2018
AMY GOODMAN: This is Democracy Now!, Democracynow.org, The War and Peace Report. I’m Amy Goodman.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: And I’m Juan González. Welcome to all of our listeners and viewers from around the country and around the world. Outrage continues to grow over the Trump administration’s separation of children from their parents along the U.S.-Mexico border. On Monday, the news outlet ProPublica released audio from inside a U.S. Customs and Border Protection facility in which children, estimated to be between the ages of four and 10 years old, are heard crying “mamá” and “papá” after being separated from their parents. A warning, the audio is disturbing.
CHILD: [crying] Papá! Papá!
CHILDREN: [crying] [Spanish]
CHILD: [crying] Papá! Papá!
AMY GOODMAN: In part of the audio, a Border Patrol agent is heard joking in Spanish, “Well, we have an orchestra here. What’s missing is a conductor.” Video footage released by the U.S. Border Patrol Monday shows migrant children in concrete-floored chain link cages, in an old warehouse in McAllen, Texas.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: A new Quinnipiac Poll shows roughly two-thirds of U.S. voters oppose separating children from their parents at the border. About seven percent of Democratic voters support the Trump policy, while 55 percent of Republicans support it. Ahead of today’s meeting with Republicans to discuss compromise legislation on a hard-line immigration bill, President Trump continued to blame Democrats for his policy that has led to the separation of at least 2,000 children in recent weeks.
PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: The United States will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility. It won’t be. You look at what is happening in Europe. You look at what is happening in other places. We can’t allow that to happen to the United States. Not on my watch. If the Democrats would sit down instead of obstructing, we could have something done very quickly. Good for the children, good for the country, good for the world. It could take place quickly. We could have an immigration bill.
AMY GOODMAN: Meanwhile, during a White House press briefing, Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said the administration was only strictly enforcing immigration law.
HOMELAND SECURITY SECRETARY KIRSTJEN NIELSEN: DHS is not separating families legitimately seeking asylum at ports of entry. If an adult enters at a port of entry and claims asylum, they will not face prosecution for illegal entry. They have not committed a crime by coming to the port of entry. As I mentioned, DHSdoes have a responsibility to protect minors, and in that case as well, we will only separate the family if we cannot determine there is a familial relationship, if the child may be at risk with the parent or legal guardian or if the parent or legal guardian is referred for prosecution. We have a duty to protect the American people and it is one that I take very seriously.
AMY GOODMAN: For more on the response to the Trump administration’s new policy of separating children from their parents at the border, we are joined here in our New York studio by Congressmember Pramila Jayapal, Democratic congressmember from Washington state.
She has just helped to announce a march on Washington and cities nationwide on June 30th against family separation. She is the vice ranking member of the House Budget Committee and vice chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus. On June 9th, she visited a detention center in Washington state and spoke with some of the 200 asylum seekers held at the SeaTac Bureau of Prisons facility. Congressmember Pramila Jayapal, it is great to have you back.
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: It’s great to be with you.
AMY GOODMAN: Talk about the latest explanation. Some thought yesterday, possibly because of the just national, international outcry, that President Trump would walk this back, but he hasn’t. He has dug down.
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: He has dug down, doubled down. And I’ll tell you, I think he is making a bad miscalculation. Americans across the country—Republicans, Democrats, independents—are outraged. Because everyone—there are so many parents amongst us, and you have to, as a parent, think about—and as a mother, I can tell you this—think about what it means to take a child who is breastfeeding and tear her off the breast of a mother.
To take a one-year-old child—and I heard from the 174 women that I met with at the federal prison—they’re being held at a prison because all of the detention centers are filled—these are 206 individuals who were transferred from Texas, from the border, to a federal prison. Some of them, about 40 percent of them, had been in detention for over a month. Not a single one of the mothers had seen their children, not a single one of them had been able to say goodbye to their children and only two out of all of the mothers that were there even knew where their children were.
So Trump is making a bad miscalculation. He has said over and over again that he is using this as leverage to get his border wall, to get very bad immigration policies that would cut legal migration to this country over the next many decades, policies that really very few people support. He continues to use immigration as a piece of red meat that he throws to an increasingly shrinking, in my opinion, base. You can see that by the fact that Franklin Graham, son of Billy Graham, Laura Bush, former first lady, have all weighed in to say this is cruel, it’s immoral, and by the way, it also doesn’t work. It is not an effective deterrent.
Because the women that I met with—you have covered so many these countries over the years, over the decades—they are escaping terrible conditions. One of the women told me that she had three children. Her oldest child was shot and killed by gangs. I think she was from El Salvador. Her second child, shot and paralyzed by gangs. She took her third child—left her second child and took her third child to try to bring that child to safety. These are the kinds of stories people are fleeing. So they’re making impossible choices.
And separating children from their families at the border is illegal. The U.N. human rights commissioner has weighed in and said it violates the rights of the child. They are asylum seekers. They should be getting what is called a credible fear hearing. And instead, the Trump administration just continues to double down and think that he is going to somehow be solving a problem here.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: What is your response to the claims of President Trump and his aides that they are only following the law? That the law had been in place beforehand but was not being followed by prior administrations, and they feel they now must follow the law?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: It is just hogwash. I could use a lot of words for it, but I’m going to say “hogwash” here. This is a result of the Trump administration’s zero tolerance policy. What they did when they put that into place—and you hear Jeff Sessions talk about it back in February—various people have talked about it—this was actually done to deter people from coming. Which, by the way, is illegal. Our courts have ruled that you cannot use detention as deterrence.
But what they have done now is said, “We’re going to criminally prosecute everyone who comes across the border, including these asylum seekers.” Now, the majority of the 174 women that I spoke with were asylum-seekers. Not a single one had received a credible fear hearing. And they had been taken into courts en masse—75, 100 people at a time. Mass prosecutions. Really, no due process. Criminally prosecuted when really what they should have gotten is a credible [inaudible].
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: And clearly, there’s no way to adjudicate in individual’s credible fear of persecution if they are in a group trial.
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: That’s right. And it was a criminal prosecution. It was not an asylum hearing. They were not evaluated at all. There is a question too, by the way—some of these folks have been pleading guilty because—in fact, all of them have, because they hope that they’re going to be reunited with their children if they do that. Instead, what might happen is when you apply for asylum, you’re asked, “Have you been charged of a crime?” This is technically a crime. So we don’t know yet how this will affect their asylum hearings.
But the stories I heard were just heartbreaking. Women who talked about being deceived. They were with their children. They turned themselves in. They were then—excuses made like, “You’re going to go get a photograph taken” or “You’re going to go to court and see a judge.” And they came back and their children were gone. No chance to say goodbye. Some of them talked about being in the room right next door to their children so they could hear them screaming for them, crying for them.
You showed pictures of the cages that children were held in. The women described the same things. They talked about the facilities by nicknames like “the icebox” and “the dog pound.” Icebox because the temperatures were so frigidly cold. And they cross the Rio Grande—they are wet. They’re put into these frigidly cold facilities—no mats, no blankets, no clean drinking water in some cases for up to five days. So the administration would love to take the focus off of the fact that they put this policy in place; they can reverse it today. They would love to have the focus turned to legislation that both sides need to pass, but that is just not true.
AMY GOODMAN: And I just want to be very clear here. You visited a prison?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: I visited a prison.
AMY GOODMAN: And you visited a prison—we have seen the congressmembers who went en masse to Texas. They were in McAllen; they were in all different places. You’re a congressmember from Washington state and you were in Washington state. These women were flown up from the border?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: Correct.
AMY GOODMAN: Their children still presumably in Texas?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: All over the place. Some of the women were given slips of paper that had their name, their A-Number, which is their immigration number, and then the names of the children—their children, supposedly. But one woman pointed to the slip of paper and said to me, “These are not my children.” So there is a real question also about whether these agencies—because there’s the U.S. Marshals, there’s Customs and Border Protection, there’s Immigration and Customs Enforcement, there’s DHS, there’s the Office of Refugee Resettlement. Nobody knows and we have not been able to get the answers to whether or not these agencies are coordinated and whether or not they actually know where these children are. Not a single one of these women—actually, I take that back—two women had known where their children were, but had not spoken to them. But the rest of them had no idea where they were.
AMY GOODMAN: And yet Kirstjen Nielsen insisted—I mean, parents and children—the kids are Skyping their parents. They’re talking to them on the phone. They can do that regularly. She boasted about how the migrant children in custody were being dealt with.
HOMELAND SECURITY SECRETARY KIRSTJEN NIELSEN: It is important to note that these minors are very well taken care of. Don’t believe the press. They are very well taken care of. We operate according to some of the highest standards in the country. We provide food, medical, education, and all needs that the child requests.
AMY GOODMAN: This was in the same—at the same time—well, yesterday and a few days ago when she spoke, that she said the separations are not happening.
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: Right. She has gone back and forth, as has Trump. But we have it on record that this is a policy that has been carefully crafted by Stephen Miller, put into place by the Trump administration. They are now—and Trump himself has said that he wants to use this, use the children as leverage to get his border wall and to get his regressive immigration policies.
We have been saying over and over again that what they are doing can be undone today by the president. It does not require congressional action. This does not need to be about legislation. And I would just say that the Ryan bill that is going to come to the floor of the house this week that they say offers a fix to this actually makes things much worse. It allows for family detention, indefinitely. It takes away the due process rights that unaccompanied children would get. It is a terrible bill. So anyone who says it is a moderate compromise is really missing the boat. And we should vote those bills down. Hopefully, they will both fail. But then the Trump administration must implement a reversal of this policy.
We will have a mass demonstration anchored by MoveOn and also by the National Domestic Workers Alliance, June 30th, Lafayette Park, 11:00. Hundreds of organizations, unions, faith leaders, all kinds of organizations that are participating. Because I think people really are outraged, and we should be outraged. These conditions are cruel.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: You talk about the demonstration, but is it your hope to basically get a reversal of the Trump administration policy, or do you feel that given the fact that he has doubled down, that there has to be some kind of congressional action to supersede the president in this case?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: I would love to see congressional action, but I don’t think that they should be able to try to say that if this policy continues, that it is the failure of Congress. Because he put this into place. And he has a habit of doing this, Juan. As you know, he did this with the Dreamers. He said, “I’m reversing DACA. Now it is Congress’s fault they haven’t passed a permanent solution for the Dreamers.” And he was challenged by that by his own party for a period of time. They have now backed down and that is why we’re seeing this bad legislation.
But he creates crises. He preys on fear. Even his comments about Europe and immigrants in Europe that you had played earlier on the show are all about creating a crisis of fear that literally has people afraid that immigrants are causing these problems. I would like for every American to hear these mothers that I spoke to at the federal prison who are so courageous, have left—made so many sacrifices in order to come to the United States seeking asylum. As much as Trump would like to portray people coming across the border as murderers and rapists and all of the terrible things that he says—animals—these are women seeking asylum, seeking security and I think these families need to be reunited.
AMY GOODMAN: Talk about what is happening today. There is this astounding poll that’s out that says something like 90, 95 percent of Democrats are opposed to what Trump is doing, but something like 58 percent of Republicans are supporting what he is doing right now. He is going—Trump is going to Capitol Hill. What are these two bills that are being put forward and what are you instead proposing?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: There are two bills. One is from Bob Goodlatte, the chairman of the Judiciary Committee, which I sit on the committee. That bill is a very conservative, anti-immigrant bill that would cut legal immigration over the next five decades by 25 million. So it eliminates pieces of the family immigration system. It really eradicates the refugee and asylee process. It does not provide a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants. It is a bad bill.
Ryan then crafted, with some folks from different parts of his caucus, another bill that is supposed to be the compromise bill because it does offer some things towards the Dreamers, which he was pushed to do that by the fact that there were almost 218 signatures on a discharge petition that essentially would allow for four bills to come to the floor. One would have been the Dream Act, one would have been the Hurd-Aguilar bill, one would have been the Goodlatte bill and one would have been Ryan’s bill. He did not want that to happen. It would have forced his hand.
And actually, the Herd-Aguilar bill, which would have provided a permanent solution for Dreamers, that bill would have passed. It would have gotten enough votes to pass. And he didn’t want that to happen, so instead he worked a compromise with his caucus, and unfortunately, a couple of the moderates backed down, and said, “I will bring this other Ryan bill to the floor.” That bill has a few things to sort of calm the fears of some of the moderates who are worried about reelection prospects. But it also does many of the terrible things that we know he would want to do. It has a lot of the pillars that Trump wanted in his proposal.
AMY GOODMAN: The so-called compromise bill—
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: Correct.
AMY GOODMAN: —from the Republican lawmakers could lift the 20-day limit currently in place for families to be detained and pave the way to unlimited detention of parents and their children?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: That’s right.
AMY GOODMAN: This is the “compromise bill”?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: That is the compromise bill. And so I refuse to call it a compromise bill. I call it an anti-immigrant bill along with the Goodlatte bill. And anybody who thinks that bill is fixing the problem that we have at the border has another thing coming. This is indefinite detention for children.
AMY GOODMAN: Do both include a wall?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: Both of them include a wall.
AMY GOODMAN: So is this what this is all about, is that Trump made the stakes so high that people would simply cry uncle and he would say, “See, Democrats are not supporting a bill that will stop the children from being separated from their parents”? And that it would be a small price to pay—$25 billion for a wall?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: Well, the crazy thing is he actually could have had the wall. Chuck Schumer—without our knowledge, I want to say, or some of our knowledge-offered him a wall. He then changed the stakes and he said, “No, I don’t just want a wall. I want you to end the family immigration system. I want you to do this. I want you to do that.” So the goal post kept moving. It isn’t about the wall anymore. It’s just he wants immigration to be out there as an issue for his base.
But I think he is miscalculating on this one. I really do. Because I think there are very few Americans—and I know what the polls say about 55 percent of Republicans currently supporting the proposal, but that number is going down very quickly. And the more we hear these cries of children and see these images of children in cages—they don’t want to allow us in because they don’t want people to really see, but now people are starting to go in and to see what kinds of conditions we are holding people in. I thought Laura Bush’s article was excellent, actually—her op-ed where she talked about the comparisons to history.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: In terms of this issue of him wanting immigration to be the issue, some of the stuff he has also said is he is pointing to Germany in some of his tweets, saying, “Look at Germany. Opened up its borders, let all these folks in, and now the crime rate is escalating.” It turns out that fact checking by The New York Timesshowed that the crime rate in Germany—
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: Has gone down.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: —has been going down, not up.
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: Right.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: And yet he continues to create this image that immigration is associated with-greater immigration is associated with greater crime.
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: Well, that is what is so offensive to me. I am an immigrant myself. I am one of only a dozen members of Congress or about a dozen of us that were born outside of the United States. I came to this country when I was 16 years old by myself. And this portrayal—
AMY GOODMAN: From?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: From India. I was born in India. This portrayal of immigrants–and by the way, unless you are Native American, you did come—your ancestors came from somewhere, either on slave ships to build this country under pressure or to escape persecution, but came from somewhere else. And for Trump to insinuate—not just insinuate, to claim—that immigrants are this terrible threat—he is using a time-tested formula, but he is absolutely wrong. It is offensive. It is leading to some cruelty that I thought would never be possible in the United States of America in this day and age.
AMY GOODMAN: We’re going to break, then come back to this discussion. We will be joined by Sheila Jackson Lee, congressmember from Houston. We’re talking to Congressmember Pramila Jayapal, Democratic congressmember from Washington state. On June 9th, she visited some of the 200 asylum seekers who are being held in a prison in her home state. This is Democracy Now! We will be back in a minute.
AMY GOODMAN: This is Democracy Now!, Democracynow.org, The War and Peace Report. I’m Amy Goodman with Juan González.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: All four living former first ladies have spoken out against family separation at the border. Rosalynn Carter issued a statement Monday saying, “The practice and policy today of removing children from their parents’ care at our border with Mexico is disgraceful and a shame to our country.” Hillary Clinton tweeted, “What’s happening to families at the border right now is a humanitarian crisis. Every parent who has ever held a child in their arms, every human being with a sense of compassion and decency, should be outraged.” Laura Bush tweeted, “I live in a border state. I appreciate the need to enforce and protect our international boundaries, but this zero-tolerance policy is cruel. It is immoral. And it breaks my heart.” And Michelle Obama retweeted Laura Bush’s remarks saying
“Sometimes truth transcends party.”
AMY GOODMAN: Meanwhile, on Sunday, first lady Melania Trump’s communications director Stephanie Grisham issued a statement to CNN on family separation that said, “Mrs. Trump hates to see children separated from their families and hopes both sides of the aisle can finally come together to achieve successful immigration reform. She believes we need to be a country that follows all laws, but also a country that governs with heart.”
Still with us is Pramila Jayapal, Democratic congressmember from Washington state. Before she came into the Congress—in 2016, she was elected—she was the head of OneAmerica, a large immigrant organization in Washington state, and now has gone to the prison in Washington state to see some of the hundreds of asylum seekers held at the SeaTac Bureau of Prisons who were brought up from the border. With us in just a moment—she will be speaking to us from Statuary Hall—will be Sheila Jackson Lee, who is running over to take her position.
But that issue of all of these women—very interesting, the role the women are taking. Also that Trump is trying to make women the face of his policy. Kirstjen Nielsen, the Department of Homeland Security—reportedly even with Kelly, the chief of staff, not wanting to hold that news conference, she owned it yesterday. Of course, Sarah Huckabee Sanders, who has been standing with the president on family separation each day as she is in front of the podium.
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: Yes. I have read mixed things about Kirstjen Nielsen. I heard that she did not like this policy, but she is clearly standing up for it now after having denied that it existed just a few days ago. But I do think that the former first ladies of both parties speaking out is an indication to us that all Americans must be feeling this deep sense of cruelty and outrage.
I took over a Judiciary Committee hearing last week that was about other bills when we should have been having a hearing on this. And I said, “We are outraged.” And I have to believe that there are good people on the other side, mothers and fathers, who if they don’t say something today, are going to have to go back to their children and explain why they did nothing as we put children into kennels and tore them away from their mothers. It is absolutely outrageous.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: And you have alluded to the issue of many of the Republican moderates fearful of how this is going to affect their reelection efforts. I’m wondering, in your conversations in the halls of Congress with some of those moderates, what they might say to you privately?
REP. PRAMILA JAYAPAL: The frustrating thing is, many of them, not just on this issue, but even on other issues—removal of coverage for pre-existing conditions that the Trump administration has just done—people say to me, “Yeah, this is terrible. This is going to be very bad for us. This is bad for the country.” I mean, they will say things like that, but they are terrified of taking on the bully that has the bully pulpit of the White House.
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